The Troubles Peace Agreement

admin | 11 October 2021 | Uncategorized | | 0 Comments   

The British Government is practically out of the equation and neither the British Parliament nor the people have, under this agreement, the legal right to hinder the achievement of Irish unity if it had the agreement of the people of the North and the South. Our nation is and will remain a nation of 32 counties. Antrim and Down are and will remain a part of Ireland, just like any county in the South. [20] 41 Although the UUP had a large number of unionist votes in the first elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly, the DUP supplanted the UUP in the second election in 2003 and its lead over the UUP has since grown. “Election results.” The UUP`s problems had already manifested themselves in the 1999 European elections, where it was over-robbed by the DUP. In a context of political violence during the unrest, the agreement committed participants to “exclusively democratic and peaceful ways to resolve disputes over political issues.” This answered in the affirmative to two aspects: the agreement reaffirmed a commitment to “mutual respect, civil rights and religious freedoms of all in the community”. The multi-party agreement recognised “the importance of respect, understanding and tolerance with regard to linguistic diversity”, in particular with regard to the Irish language, the Ulster Scots and the languages of other ethnic minorities in Northern Ireland, “all of which are part of the cultural richness of the island of Ireland”. At the same time, the integration of such different perspectives has had two effects on the content of the agreement. First, the mutual distrust of the parties pushed them towards a model of consociation that blocked vetoes.

This reduced the risk of one of the parties being put in a minority and made the agreement tastier for their respective constituencies.102 This, however, came at the expense of a possible paralysis. An agreement in which only the UUP and the SDLP participated could have shifted the balance towards a more flexible approach. Secondly, deep divisions, even within the two sides, have led the parties to postpone important decisions on important substantive issues, ranging from the future of police work to the role of North-South bodies, and to prepare the necessary conditions for the foreseeable crises that followed. The front page of the Independent reports on the 1998 deal 86 Peter Crutchley, “IRA Ceasefire 20 Years On: The Priest Who Brokered the Peace,” BBC News, August 31, 2014, This view is repeated by Moloney: “To say that Father Alec Reid is the unprecedented inspiration for the peace process would be an understatement.” A Secret History of the IRA, 223. In Northern Ireland, the results of the vote on the agreement were as follows: that is why I will begin my analysis by examining the broader structural factors before looking at the particularities of the negotiators and the negotiations. I then turn to the motivations and objectives of the main actors: the political parties in Northern Ireland, civil society and the three governments involved (United Kingdom, Ireland and the United States). 8 I then consider the negotiation process which led to the 1998 Agreement. . .